Churchill's British Resistance - The Auxiliary Units

 

Lincolnshire Auxiliary Unit Group Commanders.

This page was last updated at 7:37am on 21/6/15.

Area North 1
Area Commander: Captain D S Parker of Caistor.
Group 1 Commander: Lieutenant H Marshall of Saxby-all-Saints and assistant 2nd Lt W Riggall of Croxton.
Group 2 Commander: Captain D S Parker and assistants Lt S Frist of Kirmington and 2nd Lt E Helmshaw of Grasby.


Area North 2
Area and Group 3 Commander: Group Commander Cpt. D S Parker assisted by Lt S Frisk and Lt Halmshaw.

Area North 3

Captain Frank Dawson

Extracts from Lincolnshire Standard 1968 on the publishing of David Lampe's “The Last Ditch”.


Among those who will be reading it [The Last Ditch] with very special interest are former underground Group leaders Captain Frank Dawson of Dalby Hall, Spilsby, Captain Leslie Clarke and Captain W E Greenwood both of Pilleys Lane, Boston and Lt.W J Ground of Spalding. They are among British Resistance leaders mentioned in the book...

“It was all a very long time ago” says Spilby farmer Mr Frank Dawson, underground commander for South Lincolnshire during the war. Eventually his home, Dalby Hall, was the regional head quarters but when he was recruited HQ was in the now demolished Blankney Hall. A 1914-18 army officer, Mr Dawson commanded the Alford company of the Home Guard until he agreed to “go underground”.

In days when Britain faced the threat of invasion, he took part in top security meetings, built up patrols in South Lincolnshire, supervised the establishing of secret hideouts and helped to train the men in guerrilla tactics.
“It was the kind of warfare that appealed to me” he admitted. “I was never much for army routine”. But when the time came to disband, I just forgot about the whole thing. I never thought anything would ever be known about our activities.

...All over Lincolnshire as this book is read, the secret will be coming out ….

References:
Lincolnshire Standard 1968
Colin Hayes


Area South 4

Captain William “Bill” E Greenwood

Extracts from Lincolnshire Standard 1968 on the publishing of David Lampe's “The Last Ditch”.

Among those who will be reading it [The Last Ditch] with very special interest are former underground Group leaders Captain Frank Dawson of Dalby Hall, Spilsby, Captain Leslie Clarke and Captain W E Greenwood both of Pilleys Lane, Boston and Lt.W J Ground of Spalding. They are among British Resistance leaders mentioned in the book...

Mr W E Greenwood, headmaster, magistrate, youth worker and former resistance leader...

...His roll [Captain Clarke's] was similar to that of Mr W E Greenwood, new headmaster of Park County Junior School, a magistrate and holder of the M.B.E awarded for his services to youth.

Mr Greenwood, then Captain Greenwood was in the underground army before Mr Clarke and operated from headquarters at Butterwick, where he was headmaster for the local school.

It was when the Boston area organisation grew too large for one man that Mr Clarke was brought in to help him.
Mr Greenwood's home at Butterwick also often served as a storage place for weapons and explosives, so his wife was in on the secret.

“My wife was always very uncomfortably aware of the explosives stored under the stairs whenever an air raid siren sounded” says Mr Greenwood.

Like the others he has not thought for many years about the days when he practised lightening raids after dark on a ruthless enemy, of the weekends he spent in underground chambers dug out of the side of a field bank, of the secret meetings in different places, and the training sessions at special Commando type centres.

“We were deadly serious and prepared to accept the risk and in the end we were well trained enough to have given a very good account of ourselves” he says now.

“I'm proud to have been part of it and to have served with such a hand picked body of men – and I still think it was a good idea”

....All over Lincolnshire as this book is read, the secret will be coming out ….

References:
Lincolnshire Standard 1968
Colin Hayes




Area South 5

Captain Leslie Ivan Clarke

Extracts from Lincolnshire Standard 1968 on the publishing of David Lampe's “The Last Ditch”.

Among those who will be reading it [The Last Ditch] with very special interest are former underground Group leaders Captain Frank Dawson of Dalby Hall, Spilsby, Captain Leslie Clarke and Captain W E Greenwood both of Pilleys Lane, Boston and Lt.W J Ground of Spalding. They are among British Resistance leaders mentioned in the book...

“We reckoned we would have lasted about three weeks after going underground and fighting back at invasion forces” Mr Lesley Clarke, Engineer for the Black Sluice Drainage Board said frankly.
He finished his underground war as a Major [?] in charge of a large area. When he was recruited from the Home Guard he had been in Boston for about three years, coming from Cambridgeshire.
He took over an area and a number of patrols that had already been established at a time when the underground army were being trained as an attack force....

“The plan was for us to go to our hideouts when the enemy was approaching our area and lie low until they had passed. Then we had to mount hit-and-run raids to disrupt their organisation as much as possible.
We were expendable and we knew it. But none of us felt heroic. Everybody would have pretty well been sharing the same dangers if the Germans had come, and at least we were trained to hit back.”

He recalled secret meetings in his home (then in Spilsby Road), with patrol members coming after dark by pre-arranged routes to avoid being seen. As far as he knew not even his neighbours noticed anything unusual.
His wife was one of the few relatives of men of the underground army who knew something about it. She had to know, for the garage at the side of the house was packed with explosives and was often a weapons cache !....

...It was when the Boston area organisation grew too large for one man that Mr Clarke was brought in to help him [ Captain
Greenwood].

....All over Lincolnshire as this book is read, the secret will be coming out ….

Extract from Boston At War by Martin Middlebrook (1974)
So serious was the risk of invasion that Leslie Clarke, no relation to the Fisher Clarkes,but chief engineer at the Black Sluice Drainage Board was appointed by the Army to recruit a small group of reliable local men who would attempt to blow up vital bridges an installations if there was a German landing.

Explosives and detonators were delivered to the garage of Mr Clarke's private house in Spilsby Road (Boston). Mrs Clarke was given a loaded revolver with which to guard the explosives and the secret training meetings were held in her dining room.

The secret approach by the back path by the members was sometimes spoilt by the flamboyant arrival by car at the front of the house of the kilted Army Officer who instructed the group. [ Captain Hamilton-Hill ]

References:
Lincolnshire Standard 1968
Boston at War by Martin Middlebrook (1974)
Colin Hayes




Area South 6

Lieutenant William J Ground


Extracts from Lincolnshire Standard 1968 on the publishing of David Lampe's “The Last Ditch”.

Among those who will be reading it [The Last Ditch] with very special interest are former underground Group leaders Captain Frank Dawson of Dalby Hall, Spilsby, Captain Leslie Clarke and Captain W E Greenwood both of Pilleys Lane, Boston and Lt.W J Ground of Spalding. They are among British Resistance leaders mentioned in the book...

Accountant Mr W Ground of Spalding, once Lt. Ground and the group leader of four resistance patrols, still does not know how he came to be picked.

“I was, and am completely non-military, and at the end of it all I still didn't know how to salute. But I admit they did make me pretty handy with weapons and explosives”

His wife and family never knew anything about his secret war. Until they read the book they still won't. He never talked about it then or since although now his wife will know why Captain Hamilton-Hill, the army officer who organised the field work and set up the Lincolnshire underground army, sent them a wedding present. Mr Ground got married during his Auxiliary Unit service.

...All over Lincolnshire as this book is read, the secret will be coming out ….

References:
Lincolnshire Standard 1968
Colin Hayes