Churchill's British Resistance - The Auxiliary Units


This page is part of a site tour of the Coleshill estate during WW2. Click here to start the tour. 

Please Note: The Coleshill House site and grounds are owned by the National Trust. The woods and grounds of the house are all strictly private and access is limited to set days a year. See our events page for their official open days. Attempting to access the site outside of these times is not only trespassing but could damage the future of our work and relationship with the Trust and villagers. Please respect this.

Structure 7 - Hut Three

This page was last updated at 4:25pm on 13/2/12

 Hut three clearance

Picture of the structure taken by Bill Ashby in July 2011 - As it was being cleared.

The following information is an EXTRACT from an archaeological report produced in January 2012 following CART's Coleshill Uncovered project. A range of people contributed, including CART. The report was edited by John Winterburn and Anna Gow.

We have extracted the key info for this area but would suggest you read the full report here


Hut 3 ground plan

Further to the clearance that was done on this structure in January, a trench (Trench 3) was opened up around the NW corner of the concrete base. Initially 1m x 3m around the two sides (and 1m out from the concrete base) Trench 3 was located to include the area where the entrance to the building was believed to be, and it was hoped would give us further clues as to construction.

After a depth of 0.05m an area of concrete (3.2) was uncovered. Located outside the structure doorway (represented by a concrete step up to the platform) this concrete was only 0.02m - 0.03m thick. Badly broken up and overlying a thin levelling layer of sandy gravel (3.4), the concrete continued beyond the limit of excavation to the west. Trench 3 was therefore extended by 0.5m to the west. More of the thin concrete layer was uncovered running in the direction of Structure 5. It is believed that the concrete layer represents the remains of pathways (see photograph below).

Photo 11: Structure 7 - evidence of pathway, facing east (Photo No. CH07-11 -0028)

Around the step there was rubble (3.6) that may have been used as backfill in a similar way to that found in Trench 2 (although a cut was not found within the excavated area). However this fill only appeared on the western side of the plinth, along the northern edge it was not found. Here the trench was dug down to a depth of 0.30m. The topsoil was 0.15m deep and below that clay was encountered.

Significant finds
Some general construction related finds were discovered in the topsoil, for example iron bolts and nails, however nothing of any great significance was found.

The evidence of a path located in front of Structure 7 and heading towards Structure 5 suggests a well ordered site with constructed pathways running between the various buildings. This further suggests that those building and running the training site believed that the facility would be required for some time.

Read more about the house pre war here and during the war here.